Metabolism is a physical and chemical process, involves hormones and enzymes, to convert nutritious food into energy(calorie), eliminates waste, and thus enables the organism’s growth and continued functioning. Glucose, or commonly called sugar in the blood, is an important energy source that is needed by all the cells and organs of our bodies.
A calorie is a unit of energy. When you hear something contains 100 calories, it’s a way of describing how much energy your body could get from eating or drinking it. How many calories should you eat? Unused calories are stored in the body as fat mass in fat tissues for later use, excess accumulation of unused calories leads to Obesity.
Sedentary lifestyle? start aerobic exercise (Running, Playing Badminton etc) and Anaerobic exercise (Workout at Gym/Fitness center) 30-60 minutes for 5 days a week to stay fit and healthy. Try to get between 7 to 8 hours continuous sleep each night.
Six Basic Nutrients Required for Good Health : Carbohydrates, Protein, Fat, Vitamins, Minerals, Water.
Macronutrients are carbohydrate, protein, and fat required in large amounts.
Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals required in small amounts that are essential to our health, development, and growth.
Nutrition Facts – health-alternatives.com , U.S. Food and Drug Administration,
Folic Acid Nutrition Facts – during pregnancy.
How Much Water Should You Drink Per Day? The health authorities commonly recommend eight 8-ounce glasses, which equals about 2 liters, or half a gallon. Say no to water between meals. It’s okay to have water 30 minutes before or after your meal.
Dried Fruits are tasty and healthy if you take in small amounts. Disadvantage of dried fruits are Gastrointestinal Problems (due to fiber), Tooth Decay (due to fructose), Weight Gain, and fatigue (due to surge/drop in sugar level in blood).